Common Food Allergies in Children

Any type of food is capable of causing an allergic reaction in your child, but 90% of food allergies can be traced back to 8 common allergens:  cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish. Fortunately, most children outgrow their food allergies. Eighty percent of children allergic to milk, wheat and soy will outgrow the allergy, while only 10 percent of children allergic to tree nuts will outgrow it.

So what will you see if they are having a reaction? Some common symptoms include the following,

  • Skin problems – hives, eczema, itchy skin rashes and swelling of the lips, tongue or mouth
  • Breathing problems – sneezing, wheezing, throat tightness, runny nose
  • Stomach symptoms – nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea and abdominal pain
  • Circulation symptoms – pale skin, light-headedness and loss of consciousness

If your child does have a reaction to any of the foods listed above, the good news is – they will not need allergy shots. Children with food allergies do not have to be subjected to a weekly poke. Only people with seasonal or environmental allergies must take allergy shots. Instead, your child will have to avoid the foods they are allergic to altogether. This can be somewhat of a daunting task, because you will find that many foods contain ingredients you wouldn’t suspect.  You will need to read food labels very carefully until you have created a list of “safe foods” for your child. Your pediatrician can help you navigate through this.

If your child does eat something they are allergic to, it’s good to keep an antihistamine on hand, as well as an EpiPen for more severe reactions. The best way to avoid this is to make sure anyone who cares for your child is aware of his/her allergy. Talk to your pediatrician for more information on food allergies in children.

The pediatricians at MountainStar Ogden Pediatrics are a great resource. If you have questions about your child and allergies call them at 801-479-0174.

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